USDA Cattle on Feed Report for May

By : Stephen R. Koontz, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Colorado State University

The past several news has seen considerable volatility in cattle and grain markets, and it is doubtful the volatility will fall off over the next several weeks. Repeated storms across the upper Midwest has delayed a lot of corn planting that will likely become soybean plantings. The immediate forecast shows little prospects of drying out and heating up. The continuous trade-related surprises. Well, at this point in time, I am less surprised. I would be surprised without the emergence of news or announcement. And a Cattle on Feed report. Let’s talk about that.

The USDA NASS Cattle on Feed report for May was released last Friday. For as large as the numbers are, it has the potential to be bullish. Placements in feedlots during April totaled 1.84 million head, 9 percent above 2018. During April, placements of cattle weighing less than 700 pounds were similar to last year and the prior five, while placements of cattle weighing more than 700 pounds were 8% above last year and 11% above the prior five years. These are strong placements but prior to report expectations were for this figure to be 13.5% above the prior year with a range of 8.6% to 18.9% above the prior year. Compared to expectations then these placements are modest.

Cattle on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for feedlots with capacity of 1,000 head or more head totaled 11.8 million head on May 1, 2019. The inventory was 2 percent above May 1, 2018. This is the highest May 1 inventory since the series began in 1996. However, this number is 1% below the prior month. Further, cattle on feed over 90 days declined very slightly and cattle on feed over 120 days are down sharply – over the 200k head. Cattle on feed over 120 days start to decline seasonally during May, this was seen, but more sharply than typical. The report also shows on-feed numbers for Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, and South Dakota clearly lag last year. But placements in all those states except Minnesota were very aggressive during April. Cool wet weather is hampering cattle feeding as well as corn planting, but on -feed volumes are turning the corner.

Marketings of fed cattle during April totaled 1.93 million head, 7 percent above 2018. These are very strong marketing as well. Expectations were for increases of 6.6% over the prior year with a range of 5.9% to 7.1% so the actual is at the top end of this range. Feedlots marketing aggressively and did not place as strongly as expected during April. From the cattlemen’s perspective, this is exactly what was needed during the prior month – before animal slaughter weights begin seasonal increases and beef tonnage availability starts its march higher. We’ll see how the futures and cash markets react through the trading week.

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